In the world of the arts, as in the performing ones, the role of women has been destined to that of actress or dancer, maintaining the figure of “muse”. There are currently some changes, but they are not entirely significant; Just as an example in the latest version of the National Theater Prize Peter Travesí Canedo, held last month in Cochabamba, a third of the 10 awarded works was written and / or directed by women. Something similar happened at the Itinerant Festival of Contemporary Theater, held for the first time in La Paz, in which one of five billboard works was directed by a woman.
The proportion of women who play directing roles, dramaturgy or in the technical area is much smaller than that of men, however, this is changing little by little. Readings &
According to the manager Carol Ballesteros, in charge of the Bertolt Brecht Theater Festival, organized by the German Bolivian Cultural Institute (ICBA), the roles are being diversified, especially in the production area. “In Cochabamba there are very professional producers that feed the departmental cultural agenda and provide a meeting place for both the public and the artists,” says Ballesteros. He assures that there are still sexist logics that reproduce among artists both in their works and in labor relations, although he also recognizes that there is a group of women artists who are changing this vision. “I would like to see more writers, specifically in theater, it is a territory that still needs to be conquered, but it is a process in which we are moving forward,” he says.
For the dancer and organizer of the Danzénica Festival, Sylvia Fernández, there is an advance regarding the female presence in the arts. “We have formed a network of cultural producers and managers, which would have long been impossible, it is a group that has been in contact for three years and we have had international meetings,” he says. The manager and dancer ensures that what is still difficult is to find women who work in lighting and other technical areas.
According to singer Fulvia Fossati, in the field of popular music, always, somehow they have assigned roles by gender. “Men can choose to be singers or play the instrument they want, women … can be singers. The fact of being a singer is not a bad thing at all, nor is it a secondary or easy role, but what if you really want to play an instrument? ”Asks the artist, for whom there has been a long time difficulties for women instrumentalists.
“This is due solely to the social issue, which affects in two ways: the perception that others have of one and the perception that one has about it, thus creating situations in which as women we accept the fact of not being taken into account, give up before competing and lower our heads, resign ourselves to not having a place, ”he says.
Fossati comments that currently the percentage of men in popular music is still disproportionately higher than that of women, but you can see a positive change in people’s perspective towards a woman who plays an instrument. “I see more acceptance and that they are slowly beginning to value more talent and female work, even towards singers. Before it was our role for the band to have a pretty face, and also ‘singing is easy’, ”he emphasizes.
In other arts such as literature, according to the poet Mónica Velásquez, there have always been women. “Perhaps what has changed is the relevance that has been given since the criticism of his works. Lately, the criticism is experiencing a rescue boom, there are several reissued writers and they are appearing in public light, looking with different eyes. In two books that I just took out with my team of researchers from ‘Critics and the poet about the 19th century’, for example, we discovered that Zamudio and Mujía were only two of many and now we want to re-edit them … ”, he says La Paz writer. He adds that this visibility of the Bolivian literary past is important, because beyond increasing the number of works written by women it is necessary that they be read, located and valued,